“Build it and they will drum.” Dedicated to research, study and comparisons of field drums. Our purpose is to collect information about historical U.S. drums (manufacture, preservation, conservancy, repair, market) for use by scholars, collectors and others. Photographs of drums, and anything related, together with informative narratives, are welcome. Interested readers will find archived postings a good resource. Reach us at BlogMaster@FieldDrums.com.
Description: Remarkable Antique Civil War Drum |
This very rare Drum has the original stenciled decoration | The Drum is
of folk art militia style and bears manufacturer label of John G. Pike
of New York, circa 1860-80 | Drum is made of Rosewood and Birdseye Maple
and is in excellent condition for its age | Has original straps |
Measures 15″ high and 16 3/4″ diameter | A militia drum labeled by John
G. Pike [purportedly] is in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art and is
illustrated at page 63 of American Musical Instruments in the
Metropolitan Museum of Art, Lawrence Lubin, W.W. Norton & Co, 1985,
which states: “John G. Pike made one of the few attributable American
drums in the collection (Fig. 43). Inside its shell is Pike’s printed
label, listing his stock in trade: Premium Drums. Bass Drums! for brass
and martial bands-2 to 3 feet Head. SNARE DRUMS, the double or lined
stave drums, Made of Rosewood and Birdseye Maple, also the common maple
and Boy’s drums, of all sizes, kept constantly on hand. Repairing Done
on Short Notice. JOHN G. PIKE, Mitchell Street, Norwich, N. Y. Pike
(b. Plymouth, Chenango County, N.Y., December 23, 1815; d. Norwich,
N.Y., July 1, 1884) married Sarah D. Haight of neighboring Smyrna. It
was after their fifteen-year-old son’s death in 1853 that the couple
moved to Norwich, where they subsequently bought and sold several
parcels of land. On November 4, 1854, the Chenango Union reported the
opening in Norwich of the John A. King & Co. piano factory; Pike, a
leading partner, owned the building. The factory did not prosper for
long, and by 1867 Pike was pursuing the drum maker’s trade. This
occupation was not unrelated to another local industry, the making of
cylindrical wooden cheese boxes. New York was the nation’s leading
cheese-producing state after 1851, when Jesse Williams established
America’s first cheese factory in Rome, Herkimer County, forty-seven
miles north of Norwich. Upstate dairies used great quantities of
drum-like cheese boxes, and it is probable that more than a few “white
coopers” produced drums. At any rate, the front room of Pike’s East
Main Street house was furnished as a salesroom, with walls full of drums
hung from nails. As late as 1883 the Norwich directory listed Pike as a
drum maker, though failing health and poor vision had forced him to
curtail manufacture some years earlier. A respected Republican and
member of the Congregational church, Pike was known throughout town as
an able mechanic. The Museum’s Pike bass drum measures about
twenty-eight inches in diameter, a standard small size convenient for
parades. Its mahogany-colored hardwood shell has red hoops, and
blue-shaded gold decoration instead of tacks around the air hole. Pike
could have purchased ready-made the calfskin or cheaper sheepskin heads
he used, as well as the standard Italian hemp cords, tinned iron hooks,
and leather “ears,” but the shell and hoops he surely made himself,
carefully lapping the joints and reinforcing the laminated, stavebuilt
cylinder with internal ribs at top and bottom. James Robb, drummer of
Johnson’s Band in Norwich, had a Pike bass drum like this one, which he
claimed was the best he ever played.”
Per Frank Dorritie, "These recordings are remarkable and the playing is state of the art for the context. You may be interested that the bugles used herein are in the Key of F, meaning they are the Cavalry type, or possibly, Regulation G's with the tuning slides pulled out to the F line, though this is less likely given the superb intonation and tone here.
"Also attached a pic of my own fully restored Edison Cylinder Player."
Civil War Eagle Snare Drum of the 78th New York Infantry, 1st Regiment Eagle Brigade, Cameron Highlanders....
"Civil War Eagle Snare Drum of the 78th New York Infantry, 1st
Regiment Eagle Brigade, Cameron Highlanders. The regiment left
for the "seat of war" in April 1862, and was engaged at Antietam,
Chancellorsville and Gettysburg and, later, through heavy fighting
in Georgia, being consolidated with the 112th New York in July
1864. The drum is 10" high with a 17" diameter, doubtless being
slightly shortened during the period of use, which is not uncommon
with the diminutive size of many drummers. Both heads intact,
retaining most of the original rope, now broken, and one of the
original tighteners, only remnants of the label remain. Brass tack
decoration around the air hole, classic painted eagle decoration
with the number 78 deeply carved preceding Reg. Original red
painted hoops. The drum is in as found/ untouched condition, having
surfaced a number of years ago with other artifacts related to this
and other New York state regiments. The drum retains about 80% of
the original paint decoration, with no imminent signs of further
deterioration. Hoops retain 95% of the original red paint with
demonstrable wear from the ropes. The drum is accompanied by the
original fine condition sticks, with artificially grained
decoration, the first example we've seen and the original cloth
storage bag, black cotton with gray silk lining, a few holes, but
very good and sound."
FieldDrums.com Blogmaster's Note: Probably cut-down based on three reasons (the 10" height; the emblazonment is cut-off top and bottom; the tack pattern appears also to have been cut off at the top and the bottom of the shell).
Description: Regulation Civil War Infantry
drum. The drum gives every appearance of being very well used since the
war, with restoration to the leather hoop tighteners and replaced cords.
Brass tacking looks to be original on drum air hole. Drum head of
bottom is torn. The paint on both the red hoops and the eagle decorated
panel is worn but retains vibrancy.
Experts in the drum community, please feel free to comment. Share your comments on this drum. If it's original, was it simply not finished (even to the point of not painting in the usual information on the banner)? The emblazonment looks so clean and the counterhoops so fresh as to suggest that if it is original, it's never been used. But, is it CW?
War Era Sewell Morse Brattleboro Vermont Snare drum in excellent
overall condition - drum retains early leather, bindings and gut snares.
Minor marks, dings and wear to drum but appropriate for an object of
this age, 8" high 18" diameter.
9th Vermont infantry drum. An unusual tenor drum dating from 1830-1840 most likely from milita use prior to war. Drum is marked with 9 VT INF in blue pain on old red surface. It has been repaired and restored by Charles Soistman of "The Rolling Drum Shop"- Drum retains early paint, one original hoop (now damaged) and canvas hanger with two period correct drumsticks. 17 in High x 16 diameter.
by Dominic Massa, WWLTV (New Orleans)3:10 PM. CST November 23, 2016
In a quiet room filled with art, antiques, jewelry and other auction
items valued in the hundreds of thousands of dollars, it’s no surprise
that a snare drum might create the most noise. Probably no one has
played the drum in close to 200 years but it could fetch up to $250,000
at an auction next weekend. It’s not the sound, but the story of this
drum that’s important.
Its title in the Neal Auction Company catalog
is a good starting point: “The Exceptionally Important Jordan B. Noble
Infantry Snare Drum.” The drum, which is part of a collection of some
200 items up for bid, likely picked up that descriptive name from its
former owner, entrepreneur and collector Gaspar Cusachs, who assembled a
collection of more than 200 pieces of local history before his death in
You may not know Cusachs’ name, but the name Jordan
Bankston Noble (which is signed inside the drum) is one you should learn
more about. The drum belonged to Noble, who many historians believe was
born a slave in Georgia sometime around 1800 and is best known as the
teenage drummer who beat the call to arms for General Andrew Jackson’s
troops at the Battle of New Orleans. You can imagine how important the
role of a military drummer would be on the battlefield, keeping soldiers
in step as they marched towards victory.
According to the
National Park Service, the teenage Noble joined the U.S. Army in 1813 as
a free drummer in the 7th U.S. Regiment, under the command of Gen.
Jackson. "Noble was one of nearly 900 free men of color and slave
volunteers that had swollen Jackson’s defenses leading into the British
invasion (at New Orleans)," according to historians at the Park Service.
“You can’t get any more local than the Battle of New Orleans, and to
have an actual piece owned by someone who was there, you can’t get much
better than that,” said Marc Fagan, vice president of consignments for
Neal Auction Company.
Writing in Louisiana Cultural Vistas,
music historian Jerry Brock said that Jordan Noble “was arguably the
most celebrated black musician in 19th century New Orleans,” adding that
“in a life that bridged nine decades, Noble advanced the cause of black
freedom and human rights.” After his death in 1890, The Daily Picayune
ran Noble’s obituary under the headline “Answered the Last Roll: Death
of the Drummer Boy of Chalmette.”
The newspaper said “many will remember the white-headed old man and his well-worn drum.”
“He broke down race and class barriers as a soldier (veteran of four
wars), musician and statesman. He pioneered New Orleans marching music
and parade traditions and demonstrated bravery, free spirit and dignity
in his personal quest for liberty and will to survive and prosper,”
“Through his music and community involvement Jordan
Noble nurtured a joy of life and love for humanity in a city that
underwent massive expansion and sociocultural upheaval during his time.”
Jordan Noble (Photo: Neal Auction Co.)
Following the Battle of New Orleans, Noble continued his military
service. According to Neal Auction Company, Noble worked under President
Andrew Jackson in 1836 during the Second Seminole War as a member of
the Louisiana Volunteers. He was a drummer for the Mexican Artillery
during the Mexican War in 1846 (under the command of Gen. Zachary
Taylor) and during the Civil War, he served on the Union side as Captain
of Company C of the 7th Regiment of the Louisiana Volunteer Infantry.
Though he was sold back into slavery four times, Noble (who died a free
man) is also well-regarded as an important leader in the early movement
for racial equality. He is an important music figure who gave regular
performances playing his drum at public events, where crowds were drawn
to see the man known as Gen. Andrew Jackson’s drummer.
opinion, the drum is one of the most important historical artifacts that
we have here in New Orleans," said Shelene Roumillat, an historian who
researched Noble for her Ph.D. in history at Tulane University. "His
military career continued after the Battle of New Orleans and the fact
that he returned to the city in the 1850s is important because at that
time there was a resurgence of the free men of color who were veterans
of the battle."
She pointed out that those veterans began to be
included in Battle of New Orleans anniversary parades in the city at
that time and Noble became the most celebrated veteran of the free color
veterans in the 1850s. "It was a very strategic move on the part of
people in power in New Orleans to combat criticism of slavery and the
way blacks are treated in the South," she said. "He becomes and remains
the most celebrated veteran of the free color veterans. That's because
of his music and I think the sentimentality of memories attached to the
Battle of New Orleans, which is one of the proudest moments in the
Noble played at events all across the city, she
said, becoming the first black man to lead parades through the streets
without any official sanction or invitation to do so. "He takes it upon
himself with a fife player to go around the city and play, including on
New Year's, where they played a salute to the military, the city and
the government. The fact that he's black and is doing this is important.
Nowhere else in the country is that happening."
The drum which is
on the auction block was believed to have been displayed at the 1904
World’s Fair in St. Louis and at the Louisiana State Museum since 1909.
Neal Auction Company, which acquired the drum more than a year ago,
estimates the drum’s value between $200,000 and $250,000. Fagan, who
called the drum truly a one-of-a-kind piece, said there is a chance that
a museum or institution will snap it up next Friday when it goes up for
“Obviously we can’t determine who buys it but we certainly
inform institutions about the opportunity and if it ends up in their
hands, we’re more than happy. We do hope that happens,” he said.
up for bid in the same auction is a blue silk flag presented to Gen.
Andrew Jackson to celebrate the victory at the Battle of New Orleans.
The flag is mounted with a document detailing Noble’s military service.
“The flag also was the property of Jordan Noble and the museum had it
displayed as being given by the ladies of New Orleans to Andrew Jackson
to commemorate his victory,” said Fagan. “At some point, the history is
not very clear but it was given to Noble by Jackson.” The flag, which
Cusachs acquired from Noble’s wife, is valued between $200,000 and
The Noble items are just two of the 200 intriguing
items up for bid Dec. 2 as part of the Cusachs collection. Other pieces
include weapons, swords, rare maps of Louisiana and New Orleans,
paintings and manuscripts signed by historical figures such as Napoleon
Bonaparte, President James Madison and Gov. William C.C. Claiborne. The
pieces are described as being instrumental in early exhibits displayed
at the Louisiana State Museum at the turn of the 20th century. The
collection was on loan to the state museum for many years but returned
to private hands and is now being sold at auction.
Shelene Roumillat will give a lecture before the auction Dec. 2 on
Jordan Noble and the Battle of New Orleans. The lecture at 11 a.m. will
proceed the auction at Neal Auction Company, 4038 Magazine St.
Here's a 6-year old article originally from Drum Business (May/June 2010 issue) by Fran Azzarto, found online at http://www.moderndrummer.com/site/2014/12/need-know-drumsticks/ (Dec. 15, 2014):
What do the numbers and letters mean?
The history behind the numbers and letters stamped on drumsticks is a
little foggy. The letters originally stood for styles of music, while
the number was related to the stick’s diameter. The larger the diameter,
the lower the number. Some of this coding still applies to today’s
basic stick models. Here’s a breakdown of what the companies used back
in the early 1900s, when this system was first established:
The letter A stood for orchestra.
The letter B stood for marching and concert bands.
The letter S stood for street band.
The letter D, used by Gretsch, stood for dance band.
2B is the most common size for a thick stick.
7A is the most common size for a thin stick.
Most stick manufacturers still offer the classic models: 2B, 5A, 5B,
and 7A. As Pat Brown of Promark puts it, “Beyond that, most companies
have adopted their own individual systems for naming or numbering
sticks, and usually those names or numbers are little more than generic
part numbers that bear little or no relevance to the size or shape of
the stick.” So in order to keep your customers from getting overwhelmed
by the options as they search for the right stick, consider having pairs
in the basic sizes nearby to help guide you in the right direction.
What’s the difference between sticks made of hickory, maple, oak, and plastic?
The most common types of wood used today are hickory and maple. Maple
is 10 percent lighter than hickory, which allows drummers to use a
larger-diameter stick without it being too heavy. Maple also plays a bit
faster. It wears out pretty quickly, however. Hickory is a harder wood
and will last longer than maple. Hickory is also fairly resilient and
can absorb the shock of a hard-hitting drummer. Oak is the heaviest wood
option. Promark’s Japanese Shira Kashi white oak sticks are 10 percent
heavier than those made with American hickory. The extra density means
oak sticks can withstand more intense playing styles.
The bottom line is that oak will last the longest. Hickory has a
natural feel, takes an average amount of punishment, and is the most
versatile of the three wood types. Maple will allow for more sensitivity
and may be better suited to lighter playing situations.
For extreme durability, check out the aluminum/ plastic sticks by
Ahead. These drumsticks are made of aerospace-grade aluminum tubing, and
the upper half has a replaceable polyurethane cover with a threaded
tip. These sticks are designed to last, while still offering a
comfortable playing experience. According to Ahead, “Our sticks have up
to 50 percent less shock and can last up to ten times longer than most
similarly sized wood models.”
Hickory is of medium weight and durable.
Maple is lightweight and quick.
Oak is heavyweight and durable.
Aluminum/polyurethane sticks provide extra rebound and are extremely durable.
What’s the difference between wood and nylon tips?
According to Mark Dyke at Vic Firth, “The drummer will choose between
a wood- and nylon-tip stick based on the desired sound color of the
cymbal. Nylon tips create a brighter sound than wood.” Also, nylon tips
are virtually indestructible, so nylon tips will far outlast wood tips.
Regal Tip’s unique E series nylon tip is designed to offer the
durability of plastic with the warmer sound of wood.
Nylon: long-lasting tip, bright sound
Wood: full and warm sound
Regal Tip E series: durable tip, warm sound
What effect does lacquering have on the sticks?
Lacquer seals the wood and stabilizes moisture content. It can also
help provide a more comfortable grip. Regal Tip’s three-step lacquer
process is designed to take the comfort level one step higher. According
to Regal Tip’s Carol Calato, “This lacquer finish will actually get a
slight tacky feel when your hand heats up as you play.”
Some lacquers are too thick for certain drummers; those players will
need a model that’s closer to raw wood. If your hands sweat very easily,
a stick with a lot of lacquer can be very difficult to hold on to.
A “specialty grip” stick may be the best choice; these models feature
non-slip coating toward the butt end.
Lacquered: slick feel, moisture resistant
Unlacquered: tight grip, susceptible to moisture-content changes
Grip stick: no slippage, moisture resistant
What’s the best size and model for a beginner?
One size does not fit all. If a student has small hands (either
because of age or stature), the most logical recommendation would be a
smaller stick than one used by someone with a larger hand. But some
experimentation is required to find what feels most comfortable. A 7A is
a good choice for someone with small hands, like a young student. A 5A
is the most common model for average-size teenage or adult hands. Some
companies offer a stick that is specifically made to fit the small hands
of a young drummer. Those include Vic Firth’s SD 1 Jr., Vater’s Junior
Sticks, and Promark’s SD1F Future Pro.
Consider the size of your hand, and play a couple of hits on a rubber
pad using different sticks. If the stroke looks a bit out of control
with a thin stick, try a thicker model. Control is everything for a
beginning drummer, and finding the correct size of stick is a crucial
element in developing proper technique.
See http://www.moderndrummer.com/site/2014/12/need-know-drumsticks/ for the article.
The Musical Instrument Museum ("MIM") in Scottsdale, Arizona has a new exhibit titled, "All-American Bands" and featuring a display of instruments from the Sousa era. Included is a drum that I donated to MIM, an 1890 inlaid rope-tension bass drum by Lyon & Healy, restoration by George Kubicek.
U.S. Army Old Guard FD&B Corps at Norwegian Military Tattoo, May 2016
the highest point ever achieved by a FD&B corps anywhere anytime
ever. What a treat! It's as if the New York Regimentals were
resurrected, bugles added and then brought more than 50 years up to
date. I thought the 60's were great for rudimental
drumming. Someday we'll look back at this as the Golden Age. I can't
imagine a higher level of achievement. Now we need to spread the
knowledge, technique and style. I am overwhelmed.
I have a drum in my shop that is perplexing me and so I was hoping that each of you might take a look and give me your opinion. Here is what I know, the drum has an "aftermarket" label with the last date on it of 1937, 100 years after the drum is claimed to have been made by Eli Brown. The drum measures 18 11/16" in diameter and 17.5" in depth, which isn't outside the realm of possibility for a Brown drum. There is an ivory vent grommet which is very similar in style to other Brown vent grommets and the shell is made of tiger maple, which was used on many Brown drums that I have seen. Having inspected the drum closely and having a couple of other local guys that know quite a bit about Brown drums look at, the initial reaction by everyone is that this is not number "8" a Brown drum for a number of different reasons. The bottom reinforcement ring doesn't quite meet up so there is a small wedge placed in between the two ends so that they match up. The tack design does not look like any other Brown tack design that I have seen to date, I have seen quite a few over the last few years but by no means all of them. The two rows of tacks on the outer edges of the design both have 20 tacks, this is inconsistent with Eli Brown and other Brown tack designs. On classic tack designs on drums of this size, there are between 19 and 22 tacks on the seem side and 13 to 16 on the opposing side, never the same number. The spots where the diamonds in the tacks designs would be (usually with half of the diamonds turned on a 90 degree axis to the rest) are more like ovals and all face the same direction. The tiger maple, while a wood that the Browns used, does not seem like the grain pattern is up to the quality of comparable Brown drums. The scarf seem is about 8.5" wide and comes across the back of the face but is only under about 80% of the tack work but in other drums this size the scarf comes across the back of the entire tack pattern.
This being said, the one thing that is giving me pause on all of this is the size that is hand written on the inside of the drum. The number "8" in the size is in a handwriting that is very much like the numbers written inside of several Brown drums that I have expected. I have included pictures on the numbers inside the drum as well as the numbers from inside of one of Leo Brenan's Eli Brown drums for comparison.
The drum has been refinished, which is common for this area because we have a lot of players here in CT. The back of the tacks look aged as I would expect from a drum of its claimed age and the hoops are definitely not original. Please let me know your thoughts on this when you have a moment, any insight offered would be appreciated.
Matt Alling CT Pro Percussion www.ctpropercussion.com 203-228-0488 - Phone Calfskin, it's the new plastic!!!
This website is a non-commercial, non-profit, non-revenue-generating work developed and maintained by Ellis Mirsky, an attorney working in New York, solely for the purpose of
gathering information about field drums for use by hobbiests, researchers, reenactors, students, collectors and enthusiasts. Any suggestion or information that you may have
For the lawyers out there, this is not a scholarly journal. It's an amateur collection of information about field drums, a
subject given precious little attention. On the theory that the "fair use" doctrine of copyright law allows such use for
non-commercial educational purposes, we've taken photographs and text freely and without express permission from various
sources on the Internet. Whenever possible, work created by others is set in italics so as to distinguish it from original
writing. However, if at times we fail to do so, there is no intent to take credit for someone else's work. It is merely the
result of a lack of perfection, something which we readily admit. Photographs and italicized text should be considered
attributed to the sources identified near them, even if not expressly so stated. If you believe that anything written here is
incorrect or if you can add to our learning, please feel free to email us. We guarantee a prompt and courteous reply as well
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"I have gon, and rid, and wrote, and sought and search'd with my own and friends' Eyes, to make what Discoveries I could
therein. * * * I stand ready with a pencel in one hand, and a Spunge in the other, to add, alter, insert, expunge, enlarge,
and delete, according to better information. And if these my pains shall be found worthy to passe a second Impression, my
faults I will confess with shame, and amend with thankfulnesse, to such as will contribute clearer Intellence unto me."
Fuller's "Worthies of England," 1662. Increase Blake of Boston, His Ancestors and Descendants, etc., Blake, Francis E.,
Boston, Mass., 1898, Press of David Clapp & Son.
The drums on these pages were here long before we arrived and, with care, should be around long after we've departed. We have the privilege of taking care of them for a short period. As such, we are self-appointed caretakers of a small slice of our
country's rich heritage. By sharing knowledge and information, we will all be better suited to discharge our responsibilities with skill and good judgment. Ellis R. Mirsky, Blogmaster@FieldDrums.com